This week we had a lecture of postmodernism and post-modernity.

Postmodernism is characterised by playful uncertainty and ambiguous meanings.

Modernism is sought to uncover new truth through questioning and self-conscious experimentation.


Expression of self

Truth of Materials

Artist Vision

Awe and Wonder of Nature

Emotion as Aesthetic Appearance

Rejection of rationalism

Elevation of Folk Art

Terror and the Sublime


Experimentation with form


Technical Advancement



Irony, sarcasm obliqueness




Collapse of Distinction between real and simulated.

Not Necessarily made by artist.

Plays with status of artwork as art.

Plays with status of artist.

Embrace Consumer Culture.

Embrace Popular Culture.

Is often a polished product.

Frederic Jameson – Postmodernism or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism (1991)

Building on the work of Baudrillard, Jameson argues that the distinction between the real and the simulated becomes very blurred in postmodern society. He uses the terms parody and pastiche to explain the way people use and borrow existing cultural artefacts. Pastiche is basic mimicry, while parody is more knowing and ironic.

“The older kinds of folk and genuinely ‘popular’ culture which flourished when the older social classes of a peasantry and an urban artisanant still existed and which, from the mid-nineteenth century on, have gradually been colonized and extinguished by commodification and the market system.” (Jameson, 1988, 112)

“Pastiche is, like parody the imitation of a peculiar or unique, idiosyncratic style, the wearing of a linguistic mask, speech in a dead language. But it is a neutral practice of such mimicry, without any of parody’s ulterior motives, amputated of the satiric impulse, devoid of laughter and of any conviction that alongside the abnormal tongue you have momentarily borrowed, some healthy linguistic normality still exits Pastiche is thus blank parody, a statue with blind eyeballs”(Jameson, 1991, 17)

“In contemporary terminology, then, we might say that ‘use value’ is the realm of difference and differentiation as such whereas ‘exchange value’ will as we shall see, come to be described as the realm of identities”(Jameson, 1991, 221)