Karl Marx – The Communist Manifesto (1848: Oxford World’s Classics, Oxford) – Written with Frederic Engels.

The economy is at the base of society; everything else is determined by it. Under capitalism, the economy is exploitive: serving only the interests of the ruling class (the Bourgeoisie). This inequality will lead to revolution, which will be characterised by the workers (the Proletariat) seizing control the means of production and the end of capitalist economic exchange.

Frederic Engels – The Communist Manifesto (1848: Oxford World’s Classics, Oxford) – Written with Karl Marx.

Influenced by Hegel and Heraclitus, Engels contribution to the Communist Manifesto is that of ‘Dialectic Materialism’. Change in the economic structure of society works through the dialectic principles of conflict between thesis and antithesis. In his logic the emergence of a synthesis of the two, i.e. a new economic thesis is a characteristic of a new phase in history.

In the Twenty First Century ownership of the means of cultural production is central to political agency?

consider the way in which the accessibility of domestic creative technologies had redefined cultural agency.

consider the wider political implications of the proliferation of western consumer culture, our relationship with the developing world and the way in which abstract global concepts like ‘terror’ rely upon mass media and the internet.

Look at the work of Marx, Adorno, Baudrillard and Giddens.

Look at Communist Manifesto.